Around the age of 20, Pablo Picasso turned his attention to people who were sad and poverty-stricken, capturing them in paintings made with blue paint, and developing an unparalleled series of portraits. From the Blue Period, the starting point of Picasso’s career, to his Cubist experiments, and on into his mature and later years, the artist remained highly productive and unceasingly ambitious throughout his 91-year life. Today, nearly half a century after his death,Picasso’s paintings continue to exude a powerful living expression. Based on studies conducted with the cooperation of Western museums, this exhibition, a collaborative undertaking between the Pola Museum of Art and the Hiroshima Museum of Art, which boast two of the leading Picasso collections in Japan, examines Picasso’s production process and his lifelong challenges in the art of painting. The exhibition showcases paintings from the two museums’ collections as well as valuable works from both Japanese and foreign institutions in order to trace the creative trajectory of one of the 20th century’s greatest masters through the latest scientific technology and art research.