Monet and Matisse: Visions of the Ideal

Apr. 23(Thu), 2020 - Nov. 3(Tue), 2020

In a social environment characterized by rapid modernization and the repeated wars of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, there emerged in literature and art a yearning for “somewhere away from here.” In particular, the artists Claude Monet (1840–1926) and Henri Matisse (1869–1954) both created their own private worlds, or “artificial paradises,” at their residences: the one by designing and building a garden, the other by personally arranging a distinctive indoor space. In this respect they have a deep affinity.
In the late nineteenth century, Monet left the modernizing city of Paris for the rural town of Giverny, his last abode. At his Giverny property, he laid out a garden, including a pond, and in this ideal setting spent day after day producing a series of works depicting water lilies. Similarly, Matisse, having settled down in the South of France, painted and decorated his room in a manner suggestive of a theater stage, freely matching textiles and furniture. The motif of the interior and the light of southern France adorned the painter’s studio as well as his compositions.
Monet’s garden and Matisse’s interior served, at the same time, both as important subjects for their paintings and places and environments in which to live and work. This exhibition investigates how the two artists created their “artificial paradises” and sublimated them into their art.

クロード・モネ《睡蓮の池》1899年_ポーラ美術館

Claude Monet, Water Lily Pond, 1899, Pola Museum of Art

アンリ・マティス《トルコの椅子にもたれるオダリスク》1928年_パリ市近代美術館蔵

Henri Matisse, Odalisque on a Turkish Chair, 1928, Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris
© Musée d’Art Moderne/Roger-Viollet

Claude Monet

クロード・モネ《ジヴェルニーの積みわら》1884年_ポーラ美術館254x206

Claude Monet, Haystacks at Giverny, 1884
Pola Museum of Art

クロード・モネ《バラ色のボート》1890年_ポーラ美術館271x206

Claude Monet, The Pink Skiff, 1890
Pola Museum of Art

クロード・モネ《舟》1890年_マルモッタン、モネ美術館蔵189x206

Claude Monet, The Rowing Boat, 1887, Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris
© Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris, France/Bridgeman Imgaes

クロード・モネ《舟》1907年_マルモッタン、サン=テティエンヌ・メトロポール近現代美術館蔵206x206

Claude Monet, Water Lilies, 1907, Musée d’Art Moderne et Contemporain de Saint-Étienne Métropole
© Yves Bresson / Musée d’Art Moderne et Contemporain de Saint-Étienne Métropole

クロード・モネ《藤》1919-1920年_マルモッタン、モネ美術館蔵628x206

Claude Monet, Wisteria, 1919-1920, Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris
© Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris, France/Bridgeman Imgaes

Henri Matisse

アンリ・マティス《ヴァイオリンケースのある室内》1918-1919年_ニューヨーク近代美術館253x306

Henri Matisse, Interior with a Violin Case
1918-1919, oil on canvas, 73.0×60.0cm
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, Lillie P. Bliss Collection, 1934
© 2019, Digital image, The Museum of Modern Art, New York/Scala, Florence

アンリ・マティス_鏡の前の青いドレス_1937.京都国立近代美術館230x306

Henri Matisse, Blue Dress Before a Mirror, 1937
The National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto

アンリ・マティス《リュート》1943年_ポーラ美術館412x306

Henri Matisse, The Lute, 1943, Pola Museum of Art