Color, Line, Form: Matisse, Degas, Chagall
The first exhibition by the Pola Art Museum to investigate paintings from “materials”!
Pastel paintings are weaker to environmental changes compared to watercolor and oil paintings, thus we only exhibit for a short period of time usually. This exhibition exhibits the Japan’s largest Degas collection of nine works, Chagall’s six works and all twenty works of Matisse’s “Jazz”, the full collection of our “works painted on papers”.
Exhibiting the actual samples to explain what each material is made of and how they are used.
Pastel 714 color set by La Maison du Pastel, Edgar Degas used the pastels made by this company.
A free of charge leaflet that summarize each material’s characteristic in an easy-to-understand manner is available at the museum. (number of prints are limited)
From Pigment to Paint, Meguro Museum of Art
1. Color lines: pastel
Edgar Degas, Two Dancers Resting, ca. 1900-1905
A Degas’ work depicting the dancer’s flexible posing. Instead of using a brush, he used his hands and fingers with pastels to freely express contour lines’ thickness and density.
Edouard Manet, Woman on a Bench, 1879
2. Layering colors: watercolors
Paul Signac, Les Sables d'Olonnes, 1929 Watercolor and pencil on paper
Using white surface of a paper, pale colors are lightly brushed to express rippling water surface. Showing the colors of the layer beneath and the paper is the characteristics of transparent watercolor.
Marc Chagall, Purim, Skech for a Mural Painting, ca. 1916-1917
Gouache on paper mounted on cardboard
© ADAGP, Paris & SPDA, Tokyo, 2013, Chagall®
Opaque watercolor hides the colors of the layer beneath and the paper and creates concrete coloring. Chagall favored this opaque watercolor for his color-rich works.
2. Shaping colors: Matisse’s cutout picture
Henri Matisse, The Circus,Plate 2 from Jazz, 1947 Stencil
Henri Matisse, Icarus, Plate 8 from Jazz, 1947 Stencil